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Network Working Group
Request for Comments: 795
J. Postel
ISI
September 1981

SERVICE MAPPINGS
  ----------------
This memo describes the relationship between the Internet Protocol (IP) [1] Type of Service and the service parameters of specific networks.

The IP Type of Service has the following fields:

   Bits 0-2:  Precedence.
   Bit    3:  0 = Normal Delay,      1 = Low Delay.
   Bits   4:  0 = Normal Throughput, 1 = High Throughput.
   Bits   5:  0 = Normal Relibility, 1 = High Relibility.
   Bit  6-7:  Reserved for Future Use.
      0     1     2     3     4     5     6     7
   +-----+-----+-----+-----+-----+-----+-----+-----+
   |                 |     |     |     |     |     |
   |   PRECEDENCE    |  D  |  T  |  R  |  0  |  0  |
   |                 |     |     |     |     |     |
   +-----+-----+-----+-----+-----+-----+-----+-----+
   111 - Network Control
   110 - Internetwork Control
   101 - CRITIC/ECP
   100 - Flash Override
   011 - Flash
   010 - Immediate
   001 - Priority
   000 - Routine

The individual networks listed here have very different and specific service choices.

RFC 795                                                 Service Mappings

AUTODIN II

The service choices are in two parts: Traffic Acceptance Catagories, and Application Type. The Traffic Acceptance Catagories can be mapped into and out of the IP TOS precedence reasonably directly. The Application types can be mapped into the remaining IP TOS fields as follows.
      TA    DELAY    THROUGHPUT    RELIABILITY
      ---   -----    ----------    -----------
      I/A     1           0             0
      Q/R     0           0             0
      B1      0           1             0
      B2      0           1             1
      DTR    TA
      ---   ---
      000   Q/R
      001   Q/R
      010    B1
      011    B2
      100   I/A
      101   I/A
      110   I/A
      111   error
RFC 795                                                 Service Mappings

ARPANET

The service choices are in quite limited. There is one priority bit that can be mapped to the high order bit of the IP TOS precedence. The other choices are to use the regular ("Type 0") messages vs. the uncontrolled ("Type 3") messages, or to use single packet vs. multipacket messages. The mapping of ARPANET parameters into IP TOS parameters can be as follows.
      Type   Size   DELAY    THROUGHPUT    RELIABILITY
      ----   ----   -----    ----------    -----------
        0      S      1           0             0
        0      M      0           0             0
        3      S      1           0             0
        3      M      not allowed
      DTR   Type   Size
      ---   ----   ----
      000     0      M
      001     0      M
      010     0      M
      011     0      M
      100     3      S
      101     0      S
      110     3      S
      111       error
RFC 795                                                 Service Mappings

PRNET

There is no priority indication. The two choices are to use the station routing vs. point-to-point routing, or to require acknowledgments vs. having no acknowledgments. The mapping of PRNET parameters into IP TOS parameters can be as follows.
      Routing   Acks    DELAY    THROUGHPUT    RELIABILITY
      -------   ----    -----    ----------    -----------
        ptp      no       1           0             0
        ptp      yes      1           0             1
      station    no       0           0             0
      station    yes      0           0             1
      DTR   Routing   Acks
      ---   -------   ----
      000   station    no
      001   station    yes
      010   station    no
      011   station    yes
      100     ptp      no
      101     ptp      yes
      110     ptp      no
      111     ptp      yes

SATNET

There is no priority indication. The four choices are to use the block vs. stream type, to select one of four delay catagories, to select one of two holding time strategies, or to request one of three reliability levels. The mapping of SATNET parameters into IP TOS parameters can thus quite complex there being 2*4*2*3=48 distinct possibilities.
References
----------
   [1]  Postel, J. (ed.), "Internet Protocol - DARPA Internet Program
        Protocol Specification," RFC 791, USC/Information Sciences
        Institute, September 1981.